The Cognitive Abilities Test also known as CogAT is a standard test of reasoning that is conducted for school children from their pre-school playgroup to 12th grade. Originally developed by David Logan and Elizabeth Hagen, this test unlike your maths and spelling test is a reasoning test that gauges the reasoning and problem solving abilities of children.
The CogAT is divided into three main sections called batteries i.e. verbal battery, quantitative battery and non-verbal battery. The non-verbal battery in CogAT is generally considered by many as the most difficult out of all the three batteries and is generally not considered in formal schooling. The non-verbal battery in CogAT does not contain any type of verbal test or reading exercise. It generally contains a set of 15 to 25 novel questions that measures a student’s reasoning skills based on geometric figures and shapes. This section of CogAT is very useful for dyslexia students or children who are not much exposed to English language, numbers, reading and writing.
The non-verbal battery of CogAT is further divided into 3 main parts i.e. figure classification, figure analogies and figure analysis. Under figure classification, the students are tested to check if they can classify and categorize figures. This test typically contains three or four figures that will have some common factor. Students will also be given a choice of three or four answers. A student will typically have to look at the figures, understand the common factor between them and decide the right answer from the choices given. For example four circles filled with different colors are given. The choice of answers might be green circles, red circles, coloured circles and yellow circles. In this case the answer is coloured circles since all figures are circles and filled with different colors.
The second category under non-verbal battery of Cogat is figure analogies. Under this section, students will be given two figures with one figure having certain uniqueness. A student has to understand the first figure and apply the same reasoning with the second figure by choosing the right answer. Sometimes three figures are given, when one pair having some relation between them. A student has to recognize the relation between the first two figures and apply the same for the third figure, by choosing the best answer among the choices given. For example there is big circle with a small circle inside it and another big square is given. A set of choices will contain a small circle, small square, small triangle. The correct answer in this case is small square. This is because a big circle contains a small circle and hence a big square will also contain a small square.
The third category under non-verbal battery of CogAT is figure analysis. Figure analysis evaluates the spatial awareness and figure and diagram analysis of students. One of the very popular examples in this case is of a folded paper. Students would be shown to fold a dark square piece of paper at the centre from the top to the bottom. A hole will be punched on the bottom right hand corner. Students will be asked on how the paper will look when it is unfolded. They would have to tell from the choice of answer of where the hole would be i.e. one hole each at top and bottom right hand corner, only one hole at right hand corner or one hole at right hand corner with one hole at left hand. The correct answer in this case is one hole each at top and bottom right hand corner.
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